Rules for Change of Person In Indirect Speech

Change of Person

Direct Speech को Indirect Speech में बदलने के लिए Reported speech में प्रयुक्त pronouns को प्रकार  इस परिवर्तित करते हैं -
  • First Person को Reporting Verb के Subject के अनुसार  
  • Second Person को Reporting Verb के Object के अनुसार 
  • Third Person को No change

इसके लिए इस सूत्र को याद रखें -
1
2
3
S
O
N

1 का अर्थ है First Person
S का अर्थ है Subject
2 का अर्थ है Second Person
O का अर्थ है Object
3 का अर्थ है Third Person
N का अर्थ है No change

अर्थात् ,
First Person Subject के अनुसार
Second Person Object के अनुसार
Third Person No change
Rules for Change of Person In Indirect Speech
Rules for Change of Person In Indirect Speech

Note :

  • जब Reporting Verb Present या Future Tense में रहता है , तब Indirect Speech में कहीं भी Tense में कोई परिवर्तन नहीं होता है । हम यहाँ Reporting Verb को Present/Future Tense में रखेंगे ताकि Tense परिवर्तन की समस्या उत्पन्न न हो और Change of Person की प्रक्रिया सही ढंग से स्पष्ट हो सके । 
  • जब Inverted Commas के भीतर Assertive Sentence रहता है , तब Indirect Speech में Inverted Commas के बदले that का प्रयोग होता है । 
  • जब Reporting Verb say / says / said रहे और उसके बाद object रहे तो  आप यहाँ इसे Indirect speech में tell / tells / told में बदल दें । अगर Object न रहे तो Reporting Verb में परिवर्तन नहीं करें ।
  • Person बदलते समय Number तथा Case पर  विशेष ध्यान दें, क्योंकि ये नहीं बदलते हैं । आपकी सुविधा के लिए Personal Pronouns के सभी forms को आगे तालिका में दिया जा रहा है , जिन्हें हमेशा ध्यान में रखें |
  • यहाँ बहुत सारे Solved examples दिए गए हैं । उन्हें आप अच्छी तरह पढ़े और समझे । जब आप उन्हें अच्छी तरह समझ जाएंगे , तब आपको बनाने में कठिनाई नहीं होगी । इसलिए यहॉ दिए गए सभी solved examples को कम से कम दो बार अवश्य पढ़े और लिखें ।

Rules for Change of Person In Indirect Speech
Rules for Change of Person In Indirect Speech
Direct Speech
Indirect Speech
Sita says to Ram, “I am your friend.”
Sita tells Ram that she is his friend.
They say to me, “We help you.”
They tell me that they help me.
I say to them, “I help you."
I tell them that I help them.
You always say to me, ‘‘ I shall help you ."
You always tell me that you will help me.
The boys say to the teacher , ”We need your help.”
The boys tell the teacher that they need his help.
We say to him ,”We are your helpers."
We tell him that we are his helpers.
He says,”I should help myself.”
He says that he should help himself.
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